Lifestyle

Capsule delivery of fecal microbiota transplant has similar effectiveness to transplant by colonoscopy

Recent work published in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology by researchers from the University of Minnesota Medical School found that fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) using capsules containing freeze-dried microbes taken orally has similar safety and effectiveness to colonoscopic administration of liquid FMT for treating recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI). Every year in the United States, approximately […]

Lifestyle

Study shows how certain cancers neutralize T cells to subvert the immune system and help tumors grow

When cancer arises in the body, it starts with tumor cells that rapidly grow and divide and eventually spread. But what enables these nascent tumor cells to dodge the body’s immune system, which is built to identify and fend off an attack from such defective cells? The answer to this question, which long mystified scientists, […]

Lifestyle

Research finds link between poor health, low breast milk production

New research from UC shows that poor metabolic health parameters are linked to low breast milk production. The study was published in the journal Breastfeeding Medicine. “We wanted to see if we could understand what stands out as different in these moms. So, we conducted a case control study to see why, despite their best […]

Lifestyle

One in three Alzheimer’s disease family caregivers has persistent symptoms of depression

More than 60% of family caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) experienced at least mild depressive symptoms already at the time the individual with AD was diagnosed. In one third of them, depressive symptoms worsened during a five-year follow-up. The study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland included 226 family caregivers of […]

Lifestyle

Low long-term risk of breast cancer recurrence after nipple-sparing mastectomy

Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM)—an increasingly popular option for women undergoing treatment for breast cancer—not only achieves good cosmetic outcomes, but also low long-term risk of recurrent breast cancer, reports a study in the October issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Ten years after NSM, the rate of recurrent breast cancer is only 3%, according to the […]

Lifestyle

More physical activity, less screen time linked to better executive function in toddlers, study finds

A new study explored whether adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for diet and physical activity had any relationship with toddlers’ ability to remember, plan, pay attention, shift between tasks and regulate their own thoughts and behavior, a suite of skills known as executive function. Reported in The Journal of Pediatrics, the study found […]

Lifestyle

Combined oral contraceptives don’t increase the risk of macromastia in young women

Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) containing both estrogen and progestin do not contribute to the development of enlarged breasts (macromastia)—nor do they increase the risk of breast regrowth in adolescents and young women following breast-reduction surgery, reports a study in the October issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Rather, using COCs during adolescence may actually be […]